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当前位置 -> 热风炉热风炉知识中国脚手架的发展历程【新手必读】 发布时间:(10/11)浏览次数:160
 

中国脚手架的发展历程【新手必读】

脚手架是施工现场为工人操作并处理垂直和程度运输而搭设的各种支架。建筑界的通用术语,指建筑工地上用在外墙、内部装修或层高较高无法直接施工的中央。主要为了施工人员上下作业或外围平安网围护及高空装置构件等,说白了就是搭架子,脚手架制造资料通常有:竹、木、钢管或合成资料等。有些工程也用脚手架当模板运用,此外在广告业、市政、交通路桥、矿山等部门也普遍被运用。

Scaffolding is a kind of scaffold for workers to operate and handle vertical and horizontal transportation at construction site. General terminology in the construction industry refers to the construction site used in the external wall, internal decoration or high-rise can not be directly constructed in the center. Mainly for the construction of personnel up and down work or periphery safety net enclosure and aerial device components, to put it plainly is to build a scaffold, scaffolding manufacturing materials are usually: bamboo, wood, steel pipes or composite materials. Some projects also use scaffolding as a template, in addition to advertising, municipal, transportation, roads and bridges, mines and other departments are widely used.

中国在1949年前和50年代初期,施工脚手架都采用竹或木材搭设的办法。60年代起推行扣件式钢管脚手架。80年代起,中国在开展先进的、具有多功用的脚手架系列方面的成就显著,如门式脚手架系列,碗扣式钢管脚手架系列,年产已到达上万吨的范围,并已有一定数量的出口。

Before 1949 and early 50s, scaffolding was constructed by bamboo or timber in China. Since 60s, the fastener style steel pipe scaffold has been introduced. Since the 1980s, China has made remarkable achievements in developing advanced and multi-functional scaffolding series, such as portal scaffolding series and bowl-buckle steel tube scaffolding series, with an annual output of over 10,000 tons and a certain number of exports.

长期以来,由于架设工具自身及其结构技术和运用平安管理工作处于较为落后的状态,致使事故的发作率较高。有关统计标明:在中国建筑施工系统每年所发作的伤亡事故中,大约有1/3左右直接或间接地与架设工具及其运用的问题有关。

For a long time, because the erection tool itself and its structural technology and the use of safety management work in a relatively backward state, resulting in a higher incidence of accidents. Relevant statistics show that about one third of the casualties in China's construction system occur every year, directly or indirectly related to the problems of erecting tools and their application.

随着中国建筑市场的日益成熟和完善,竹木式脚手架已逐渐淘汰出建筑市场,只在一些偏僻落后的地域仍在运用;而门式脚手架、碗扣式脚手架等只在市政、桥梁等少量工程中运用,普通扣件式钢管脚手架因其维修简单和运用寿命长以及投入本钱低等多种优点,占领中国国内70%以上的市场,并有较大的开展空间。

With the maturity and perfection of China's construction market, bamboo-wood scaffolding has been gradually eliminated from the construction market, only in some remote and backward areas are still in use; while door-type scaffolding, bowl-button scaffolding and so on are only used in municipal works, bridges and other small projects, ordinary fastener-type steel tube scaffolding because of its simple maintenance and operation. Long life and low investment costs and other advantages, occupying more than 70% of China's domestic market, and has a greater space for development.


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